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Peer reviewed articles

1 ) Baehr, J., A. Stroup, and J. Marotzke (2009): Testing concepts for continuous monitoring of the meridional overturning circulation in the South Atlantic. Ocean Modelling, Volume 29, Issue 2, 2009, Pages 147-153 Download

2 ) Baehr, J., S. A. Cunningham, H. Haak, P. Heimbach, T. Kanzow, and J. Marotzke (2009): Observed and simulated estimates of the meridional overturning circulation at 26.5°N in the Atlantic. Ocean Science, 5. Download doi: 10.5194/os-6-1-2010

3 ) Bouinot, T., E.Cortijo, A. Govin, T. Mulder, and E. Gonthier (2010): North Atlantic subpolar and subtropical gyres variability during the last 2000 years, a contribution to the THOR project. Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 12, EGU2010-6402-1. EGU General Assembly 2010, 3-7 May 2010, Vienna, Austria

4 ) Bryden, H. L., A. Mujahid, S. A. Cunningham and T. Kanzow (2009): Adjustment of the basin-scale circulation at 26°N to variations in Gulf Stream, deep western boundary current and Ekman transports as observed by the Rapid array. Ocean Science, 6, 871-908. Download doi:10.5194/osd-6-871-2009

5 ) Cunningham, S. A. and R. Marsh (2010): Observing and modelling changes in the Atlantic MOC. Wiley Interdisciplinary reviews, WIREs Clim Change 2010 1 180–191.DOI: 10.1002/wcc.22. Download doi:10.1002/wcc.22

6 ) Cunningham, S. A., M. O. Baringer, J. Toole,, S. Østerhaus, J. Fischer, A. Piola, E. McDonagh, S. Lozier, U. Send, T. Kanzow, J. Marotzke, M. Rhein, S. L.Garzoli, S. Rintoul, S. Speich, S. Wijffels, L.Talley, J. Baehr, C. Meinen, A.-M. Treguier and P. Lherminier (2009): The present and future system for measurning the Atlantic Meridional overturning circulation and heat transport. Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, ESA Publication WPP-306. Download doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.21

7 ) Dunstone, N. J. and D. M. Smith, (2010): Impact of atmosphere and sub-surface ocean data on decadal climate prediction, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L02709, doi:10.1029/2009GL041609. Download doi: 10.1029/2009GL041609

8 ) Eldevik, T., J.E.Ø Nilsen, D. Lovino, K. A. Olsson, A. B. Sandø and H. Drange (2009): Observed sources and variability of Nordic seas overflow, Nature Geoscience, 2, doi:10.1038/NGEO581. Download doi: 10.1038/NGEO518

9 ) Fer, I., Voet, G., Seim, K.M. Rudels, B. and Latarius, K. (2010): Intense mixing of the Faroe Bank Channel Overflow, Geophysical Research Letters, VOL. 37, L02604, 5 PP., 2010. Download doi: 10.1029/2009GL041924

10 ) Hirschi, J. J.-M., P. D. Killworth, J. R. Blundell and D. Cromwell D. (2009): Sea surface height signals as indicators for oceanic meridional mass transports. J. Phys. Oceanog., 39, Issue 3, 581-601, Download DOI: 10.1175/2008JPO3923.1

11 ) Hawkins & Sutton (2009): Decadal predictability of the Atlantic Ocean in a coupled GCM: forecast skill and optimal perturbations using Linear Inverse Modelling, Journal of Climate, 22, p3960 Download doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI2720.1.

12 ) Hughes, Holliday, Colbourne, Ozhigin, Valdimarsson, Østerhus, and Wiltshire, K. (2009): Comparison of in situ time-series of temperature with gridded sea surface temperature datasets in the North Atlantic. ICES J. of Marine Science, 66. Download doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsp041.

13 ) Jungclaus, J.H. et al (2010): Climate and Carbon-cycle variations over the last millennium. Climate of the Past, Clim. Past, 6, 723–737, 2010. DOI:10.5194/cp-6-723-2010 Download

14 ) Kanzow, T., H. Johnson, D. Marshall, S. A. Cunningham, J. J.-M. Hirschi, A. Mujahid, H. L. Bryden, and W. E. Johns (2009): Basin-wide integrated volume transports in an eddy-filled ocean. J. Phys. Oceanog., 39, 3091–3110. Download

15 ) Paka, V.T., B. Rudels, D. Quadfasel and V. Zhurbas (2010): Measuring of turbulence in a strong near bottom current of the Denmark Strait. Doklady RAS, Doklady Akademii Nauk, 432, 110-114 (in Russian, not available).

16 ) Voet, G., D. Quadfasel (2010): Entrainment in the Denmark Strait overflow plume by meso-scale eddies, Ocean Science 6, 301–310, 2010 Download

17 ) Zanchettin, D., A. Rubino, and J. H. Jungclaus (2010): Intermittent multidecadal-to-centennial fluctuations dominate global temperature evolution over the last millennium, Geophys. Research Letters, VOL. 37, L14702, doi:10.1029/2010GL043717, 2010 Download

18 ) Ortega, Hawkins & Sutton, (2011): Processes governing the predictability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation in a coupled GCM, Climate Dynamics, Volume 37, Numbers 9-10, 1771-1782,Download doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1025-1, Published 22/2/2011

19 ) Semenov, V.A. and M. Latif (2012), The early twentieth century warming and winter Arctic sea ice, The Cryosphere, VOL. 6, 1–19, 2012, doi:10.5194/tc-6-1-2012, published on 04/12/2012 Download

20 ) Hawkins et al., (2011): Bistability of the Atlantic overturning circulation in a GCM and links to ocean freshwater transport, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L10605, VOL. 38, L10605, 6 PP., 2011 Download doi: 10.1029/2011GL047208

21 ) Hawkins, ED, R. Sutton (2010): Estimating climatically relevant singular vectors for decadal predictions of the Atlantic Ocean, Journal of Climate, Vol. 24, pp 109-123 Download DOI: 10.1175/2010JCLI3579.1

22 ) Marini, C., C. Frankignoul, and J. Mignot (2010): Links between the southern annular mode and the Atlantic meridional overturning in a climate model. Journal of Climate 2011, Vol. 24, pp 624 – 640. DOI: 10.1175/2010JCLI3576.1 Download

23 ) Msadek, R. and C. Frankignoul (2009): Mechanisms of the atmospheric response to North Atlantic multidecadal variability: a model study. Climate Dynamics 2011, 36:1255–1276. DOI 10.1007/s00382-010-0958-0 Download

24 ) Ottera, O. H., M. Bentsen, H. Drange and L. Suo (2010): External forcing as a metronome for Atlantic multidecadal variability. Nature Geoscience, online 2010-09-12, DOI: 10.1038/NGEO955 Download

25 ) Dunstone, N. J., D. M. Smith and R. Eade (2011): Multi-year predictability of the tropical Atlantic atmosphere driven by the high latitude north Atlantic ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L14701 Donwloaddoi:10.1029/2011GL047949

26 ) Fischer, J., M. Visbeck, R. Zantopp, and N. Nunes (2010): Interannual to decadal variability of outflow from the Labrador Sea, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L24610 Download doi:10.1029/2010GL045321

27 ) Hansen, B., H. Hátún, R. Kristiansen, S. M. Olsen and S. Østerhus (2010): Stability and forcing of the Iceland-Faroe inflow of water, heat, and salt to the Arctic, Ocean Sci. Discuss., 7, 1245-1287, 2010. doi:10.5194/osd-7-1245-2010 Download doi: 10.5194/osd-7-1245-2010

28 ) Branstator, G., H. Teng, G.A. Meehl, M. Kimoto, J.R. Knight, M. Latif, and A. Rosati (2012), Systematic Estimates of Initial-Value Decadal Predictability for Six AOGCMs, Journal of Climate, VOLUME 25, pp. 1827–1846, DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00227.1, published 15/03/2012 Download

29 ) Houssais, M.-N. and C. Herbaut (2010) : Atmospheric forcing on the Canadian Arctic Archipelago fresh water outflow, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116, C00D02, 19 PP., 2011 Download DOI:10.1029/2010JC006323.

30 ) Keenlyside, N. S., and J. Ba (2010): Prospects for decadal climate prediction. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, Volume 1, September/October 2010, pp 627-635. DOI: 10.1002/wcc.69 Download

31 ) Krueger, O., & von Storch, J.-S. (2011): A simple empirical model for decadal climate prediction. Journal of Climate, 24, 1276-1283 Download doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3726.1.

32 ) Latif, M. and N. S. Keenlyside (2010): A Perspective on Decadal Climate Variability and Predictability. Deep Sea Research II, accepted Download

33 ) Palmer, M., D. McNeall, N. Dunstone (2011): Importance of the deep ocean for estimating decadal changes in Earth's radiation balance. Geophysical research letters, Vol. 38, L13707, 5 PP., 2011 Download doi:10.1029/2011GL047835

34 ) Park, W. and Latif, M. (2010): Pacific and Atlantic Multidecadal Variability in the Kiel Climate Model. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L24702. doi:10.1029/2010GL045560 Download

35 ) Semenov, V. A., M. Latif, D. Dommenget, N. S. Keenlyside, A. Strehz, T. Martin and W. Park (2010): The Impact of North-Atlantic Multidecadal Variability on Northern Hemisphere Surface Air Temperature. Journal of Climate, accepted. Download

36 ) van Aken, H., de Jong, F., Yashayaev, I. (2011): Decadal and multi-decadal variability of Labrador Sea Water in the north-western North Atlantic Ocean derived from tracer distributions: Heat budget, ventilation, and advection. Deep-Sea Research I 58 (2011) 505–523, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2011.02.008. Download

37 ) Sicre, M.-A., I. R. Hall, J. Mignot, M. Khodri, U. Ezat, M.-X. Truong, J. Eiríksson, K.-L. Knudsen, (2011): Sea surface temperature variability in the subpolar Atlantic over the last two millennia, PALEOCEANOGRAPHY, VOL. 26, PA4218, 10 PP., 2011 Download, doi:10.1029/2011PA002169

38 ) J. Mignot, M. Khodri, C. Frankignoul, and J. Servonnat (2011): Volcanic impact on the Atlantic ocean over the last millennium, Clim. Past Discuss., 7, 2511-2554, 2011 , Download, doi:10.5194/cpd-7-2511-2011

39 ) J. Mignot¤ and C. Frankignoul (2009): Local and remote impacts of a tropical Atlantic salinity anomaly, Local and remote impacts of a tropical Atlantic salinity anomaly, Climate Dynamics, Volume 35, Numbers 7-8, 1133-1147, Download doi: 10.1007/s00382-009-0621-9

40 ) G. Gastineau and C. Frankignoul, (2011): Cold-season atmospheric response to the natural variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation, Climate Dynamics, Download, doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1109-y

41 ) Born A. and J. Mignot (2011): Dynamics of decadal variability in the Atlantic subpolar gyre: a stochastically forced oscillator, Climate Dynamics, Donwload, doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1180-4

42 ) Balmaseda, M. & Co-Authors (2010): Initialization for Seasonal and Decadal Forecasts, in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, Download, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.02

43 ) Heimbach, P. & Co-Authors (2010): Observational Requirements for Global-Scale Ocean Climate Analysis: Lessons from Ocean State Estimation, in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, Download, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.42.

44 ) Lee, T. & Co-Authors (2010): Ocean State Estimation for Climate Research, in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.55.

45 ) Stammer, D. & Co-Authors (2010): Ocean Information Provided Through Ensemble Ocean Syntheses" in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, Download doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.85.

46 ) Vaage, K, Pickart R S, Spall MA, Valdimarsson H, Jonsson S, Torres DJ, Osterhus S, Eldevik T. (2011): Significant role of the North Icelandic Jet in the formation of Denmark Strait overflow water, Nature Geoscience, Volume: 4, Pages: 723–727, Download doi: 10.1038/ngeo1234

47 ) Kuzmina, N., Rudels, B., Zhurbas, V.M., and Stipa, T. (2011): On the structure and dynamic features of intrusive layering in the Eurasian Basin in the Arctic Ocean, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 116, C00D11, 15 PP., 2011 Download, doi:10.1029/2010JC006920

48 ) Rudels, B. (2011): Volume and freshwater transports through the Canadian Arctic Archipelago – Baffin Bay system, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 116, C00D10, 14 PP., 2011 Download, doi:10.1029/2011JC007019

49 ) Germe A., M.-N. Houssais, C. Herbaut, and C. Cassou (2011): Greenland Sea sea ice variability over 1979–2007 and its link to the surface atmosphere, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 116, C10034, 14 PP., 2011 Download, doi:10.1029/2011JC006960

50 ) Matei, D., H. Pohlmann, J. H. Jungclaus, W. Mueller, H. Haak, and J. Marotzke, (2012), Two tales of initializing decadal climate predictions experiments with the ECHAM5/MPI-OM model, Journal of Climate, Vol. 25, p.8502-8523, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00633.1, published on 15/12/2012 Download

51 ) Sterl, A., R. Bintanja, L. Brodeau, E. Gleeson, T. Koenigk, T. Schmith, T. Semmler, C. Severijns, K. Wyser and S.Yang, (2011): A look at the ocean in the EC-Earth climate model, Clim. Dyn., Download, doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1239-2

52 ) S. Hall, S.R. Dye, K. J. Heywood, and M.R. Wadley (2011): Wind forcing of salinity anomalies in the Denmark Strait overflow, Ocean Science, 7, 821-834. Ocean Sci., 7, 821-834, 2011, Download, doi:10.5194/os-7-821-2011

53) T. Murray, K. Scharrer, T.D. James, S.R. Dye, E. Hanna, A.D. Booth, N. Selmes, A. Luckman, A.L.C. Hughes, S. Cook, P. Huybrechts (2010): Ocean-regulation hypothesis for glacier dynamics in south-east Greenland and implications for ice-sheet mass changes, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH., VOL. 115, F03026, 15 PP., 2010 Download, doi: 10.1029/2009JF001522

54 ) Han G. , K. Ohashi, N. Chen, P.G. Myers, N. Nunes, J. Fischer (2010), Decline and partial rebound of the Labrador Current 1993-2004: Monitoring ocean currents from altimetric and CTD data. J. Geophys. Res., 115, C12012, Download, doi:10.1029/2009JC006091

55 ) Send, U. & Co-Authors (2010): A Global Boundary Current Circulation Observing Network, in Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison, D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, Download, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.78

56 ) de Jong, M.F. (2010): Hydrographic variability in the Irminger Sea. PhD thesis Utrecht University, the Netherlands. Download, ISBN: 978-90-393-5425-4.

57 ) Dunstone, N. J., Smith, D. M., Eade, R., (2011): Multi-year predictability of the tropical Atlantic atmosphere driven by the high latitude North Atlantic Ocean, GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 38, L14701, 6 PP., 2011 Download, doi:10.1029/2011GL047949

58 ) Zanchettin, D., C. Timmreck, H. Graf, A. Rubino, S. Lorenz, K. Lohmann, K. Krueger, J. Jungclaus (2011): Bi-decadal variability excited in the coupled ocean-atmosphere system by strong tropical volcanic eruptions. Climate Dynamics, Download, doi:10.1007/s00382-011-1167-1

59 ) Park, W. and M. Latif (2011): Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation Response to Idealized External Forcing. Climate Dynamics, Download, doi:10.1007/s00382-011-1212-0.

60 ) Msadek, R. and C. Frankignoul (2009): Atlantic multidecadal oceanic variability and its influence on the atmosphere in a climate model. Climate Dynamics; Volume 33, Number 1, 45-62, Download, doi: 10.1007/s00382-008-0452-0

61 ) Menary, M., W. Park, K. Lohmann, M. Vellinga, M. Palmer, M. Latif, J. Jungclaus (2011): A multimodel comparison of centennial Atlantic meridional overturning circulation variability. Climate Dynamics, Download, doi:10.1007/s00382-011-1172-4

62 ) Langehaug, H. R., I. Medhaug, T. Eldevik, and O. H. Otterå (2011): Arctic/Atlantic exchanges via the Subpolar Gyre. Journal of Climate, Download, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00085.1

63 ) Darelius, E., I. Fer, and D. Quadfasel (2011): Faroe Bank Channel Overflow: Mesoscale Variability. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 41, 2137-2154, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-11-035.1 Download

64 ) Rudels, B., Schauer, U., Björk, G., Korhonen, M., Pisarev, S., Rabe, B., and Wisotski, A., (2012), Observations of water masses and circulation in the Eurasian basin of the Arctic Ocean from the 1990s to the late 2000s, Ocean Science Discussions, Volume 9, Issue 4, p.2695-2747,  DOI: 10.5194/osd-9-2695-2012, Published online: 08/08/2012 Download

65 ) Germe A., M.-N. Houssais, C. Herbaut, C. Cassou, (2011): Greenland Sea sea ice variability over 1979–2007 and its link to the surface atmosphere, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 116, C10034, Download, doi:10.1029/2011JC006960

66 ) Langehaug, H.R. and Falck, E. (2011): Changes in the properties and distribution of the intermediate and deep waters in the Fram Strait. Progress In Oceanography Download, doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2011.10.002

67 ) de Jong, M.F., Van Aken H. M. , Våge K., and Pickart R. S.(2012): Convective mixing in the central Irminger Sea: 2002-2010, Download, Manuscript Number: DSR1-D-11-00106R2, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2012.01.003

68 ) Robson, J., R. Sutton, K. Lohmann, D. Smith and M. D. Palmer, (2012), Causes of the rapid warming of the north Atlantic Ocean in the mid 1990s, Journal of Climate, Vol. 25 (12), pp. 4116-4134, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00443.1, published 15/06/2012 Download

69 ) Kröger, J., W. Müller and J.-S. von Storch (2011): Impact of Different Ocean Reanalyses on Decadal Climate Prediction, Clim. Dyn., under review 2012, in press, Download, doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1310-7

70 ) Oldenborgh, G.J. van, F.J. Doblas-Reyes, B. Wouters and W. Hazeleger (2012): Skill in the trend and internal variability in a multi-model decadal prediction ensemble, accepted Climate Dynamics, doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1313-4 Download the abstract

71 ) Karin Margretha H. Larsen, Hjálmar Hátún, Bogi Hansen and Regin Kristiansen (2012): Atlantic water in the Faroe area: sources and variability, ICES J. Mar. Sci. doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fss028 First published online February 26, 2012 Donwload

72 ) Ortega, P., M. Montoya, F. González-Rouco, J. Mignot and S. Legutke (2011): Variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation in the last millennium and two IPCC scenarios. Climate Dynamics, doi: 10.1007/s00382-011-1081-6 Download


73 ) Jónsson, S., and Valdimarsson, H. (2012): Water mass transport variability to the north Icelandic shelf, 1994–2010. ICES Journal of Marine Science,  doi:10.1093/icesjms/fss024 Download

74 ) Roberts, C. D. and M. D. Palmer (2011), Detectability of changes to the Atlantic Meridional Overturning circulation in the Hadley Centre Climate Models, Climate Dynamics, first published online 15 February 2012, doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1306-3 Download

75 ) Gastineau G., D’Andrea F., Frankignoul C., (2011): Atmospheric response to the North Atlantic Ocean variability on seasonal to decadal time scales in IPSL-CM5, Climate Dynamics, doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1333-0 Download

76 ) Palmer, M. D. (2011): Climate and Earth's energy flows, Surveys in Geophysics Download

77 ) Hawkins, Ed, R. Sutton, (2009), Decadal predictability of the Atlantic Ocean in a coupled GCM: forecast skill and optimal perturbations using Linear Inverse Modelling, Journal of Climate, VOL.22, issue 14, p. 3960–3978, doi:10.1175/2009JCLI2720.1, Published online: 15/07/2009 Download

78 ) Wouters, B., Drijfhout, D., Hazeleger, W., (2012), North-Atlantic interdecadal meridional overturning circulation variability in the EC-EARTH, Climate Dynamics, Volume 39, Issue 11, pp 2695-2712, doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1366-4, published 01/12/2012 Download

79 ) Robson J., Sutton R., Lohmann K., Smith D., Palmer M. (2012), Causes of the Rapid Warming of the North Atlantic Ocean in the Mid-1990s, Journal of Climate, Vol 25, 4116–4134, DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00443.1, published 15/06/2012 Download

80 ) Hendrik M. van Aken, M. Femke de Jong (2012), Hydrographic variability of Denmark Strait Overflow Water near Cape Farewell with multi-decadal to weekly timescales, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, Volume 66, August 2012, Pages 41–50,, published 20/04/2012 Download

81 ) Nunez-Riboni, I., M. Bersch, H. Haak, J. Jungclaus and K. Lohmann (2012), A multi-decadal meridional displacement of the Subpolar Front in the Newfoundland Basin, Ocean Science Discussions, 8, 91-102, doi:10.5194/os-8-91-2012, published 15/02/2012 Download

82 ) Escudier R., J. Mignot, and D. Swingedouw, (2012), A 20-yrs coupled ocean-sea ice-atmosphere variability mode in the North Atlantic in an AOGCM, Climate Dynamics, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-012-1402-4, published 10/06/2012 Download

83 ) Swingedouw D., Rodehacke C., Behrens E., Menary M., Olsen S., Gao Y., Mikolajewicz U., Mignot J., Biastoch A., (2012), Decadal fingerprints of freshwater discharge around Greenland in a multi-model ensemble, Climate Dynamics, doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1479-9, published 04/09/2012 Download

84 ) Robson, J. I., R. T. Sutton and D. M. Smith, (2012), Initialized decadal predictions of the rapid warming of the North Atlantic ocean in the mid 1990s, Geophysical Research Letters, Volume 39, L19713, p-.1-6 doi:10.1029/2012GL053370, published on 10/10/2012 Download

85 ) Langehaug, H. R., P. B. Rhines, T. Eldevik, J. Mignot and K. Lohmann (2012b), Water mass transformation and the North Atlantic Current in three multicentury climate model simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans (1978–2012), 117 (C11), doi:10.1029/2012JC008021 Download

86 ) Langehaug, H. R. and E. Falck, (2012), Changes in the properties and distribution of the intermediate and deep waters in the Fram Strait, Progress in Oceanography, Volume 96, Issue 1, April 2012, Pages 57–76, doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2011.10.002, Published online: 09/11/2011 Download

87 ) Langehaug, H. R., I. Medhaug, T. Eldevik and O. H. Otterå , (2012), Arctic/Atlantic exchanges via the Subpolar Gyre, Journal of Climate, Vol.25, p. 2421-2439, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00085.1, Published online: 01/04/2012 Download

88 ) Medhaug, I, Langehaug, HR, Eldevik, T, Furevik, T, and Bentsen, M. , (2012), Mechanisms for decadal scale variability in a simulated Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, Climate Dynamics, Volume 39, Issue 1-2, pp 77-93, doi:10.1007/s00382-011-1124-z, Published online: 25/06/2011 Download

89 ) Martin, T., W. Park and M. Latif, (2012), Multi–Centennial Variability Controlled by Southern Ocean Convection in the Kiel Climate Model, Climate Dynamics, doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1586-7, Published online: 28/11/2012 Download

90 ) Ben B. B. Booth, Nick J. Dunstone, Paul R. Halloran, Timothy Andrews & Nicolas Bellouin, (2012), Aerosols implicated as a prime driver of twentieth-century North Atlantic climate variability, NATURE | VOL 484 | 12 APRIL 2012, doi:10.1038/nature10946 Download

91 ) He, Y.C., Gao, Y.Q., Bentsen, M., Tan, B.K., Johannessen, O.M. , (2012), North Atlantic ventilation using chlorofluorocarbons and idealized-tracer simulations, Tellus, Series B: Chemical and physical meteorology, Tellus B 2012, 64, 18807,, Published online: 18/10/2012 Download

92 ) Jahn,A., Y. Aksenov, B. A. de Cuevas, L. de Steur, S. Häkkinen, E. Hansen, C. Herbaut,  M.-N. Houssais, M. Karcher, F. Kauker, C. Lique, A. Nguyen, P. Pemberton, D. Worthen, and J. Zhang, (2012), Arctic Ocean freshwater: How robust are model simulations?, Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, Vol.117, doi:10.1029/2012JC007907, Published online: 10/08/2012 Download

93 ) Corti, S. A. Weisheimer, T.N Palmer, F. Doblas-Reyes and L. Magnusson, (2012), Reliability of decadal predictions, Geophysical Research Letters, Volume 39, Issue 21 November 2012, doi:10.1029/2012GL053354, Published online: 15/11/2012 Download

94 ) Guemas, V., Corti S., Garcìa-Serrano J., Doblas-Reyes F., Balmaseda M. and Magnusson L., (2012), The Indian Ocean: the region of highest skill worldwide in decadal climate prediction, Journal of Climate, DOI:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00049.1 in press Download

95 ) Ho, Hawkins, Shaffrey, Underwood, (2012), Statistical decadal predictions for sea surface temperatures: a benchmark for dynamical GCM predictions, Climate Dynamics, October 2012, doi: 10.1007/s00382-012-1531-9, Published online: 05/10/2012 Download

96 ) Latif, M. and N. S. Keenlyside, (2011), A perspective on decadal climate variability and predictability, Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 58, 1880-1894, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.10.066, Published online: 01/02/2011 Download

97 ) Keenlyside, N. S., and J. Ba, (2010), Prospects for decadal climate prediction, Wiley Interdisciplinary reviews, WIREs Climate Change, Volume 1, Issue 5, pages 627–635, September/October 2010, DOI: 10.1002/wcc.69, Published online: 02/08/2010 Download

98 ) Magnusson, L., M. Balmaseda, S. Corti, F. Molteni and T. Stockdale , (2012), Evaluation of forecast strategies for seasonal and decadal forecasts in presence of systematic model errors, Climate Dynamics, November 2012, DOI 10.1007/s00382-012-1599-2, Published online: 28/11/2012 Download

99 ) Robson, J.I., Sutton, R.T. and Smith, (2012), Initialized decadal predictions of the rapid warming of the North Atlantic Ocean in the mid 1990s, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol.39 (L19713), doi: 10.1029/2012GL053370, Published online: 10/10/2012 fileadmin/user_upload/thor/template/Publications/106Robson.pdfDownload

100 ) Semenov, V. A., M. Latif, D. Dommenget, N. S. Keenlyside, A. Strehz, T. Martin, and W. Park, (2010), The Impact of North Atlantic-Arctic Multidecadal Variability on Northern Hemisphere Surface Air Temperature, Journal of Climate, VOL. 23, Issue 21, p.5668-5677, DOI: 10.1175/2010JCLI3347.1, Published online: 01/11/2010 Download

101 ) Jochumsen K., Quadfasel Q., Valdimarsson H. and Jonsson S. , (2012), Variability of the Denmark Strait overflow: moored time series from 1996-2011, Geophysical Research Letters, VOL.117, Issue C12, doi: 10.1029/2012JC008244, Published online: 07/12/2012 Download

102 ) Kuzmina, N., Rudels, B., Zhurbas, V., and Stipa, T, (2011), On the structure and dynamical features of intrusive layering in the Eurasian Basin in the Arctic Ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, Vol. 116, p.C00D11, doi:10.1029/2010JC006920, Published online: 31/12/2011 Download

103 ) Rudels, B., Korhonen, M., Budéus, G., Beszyczynska-Möller, A., Schauer, U., Nummelin, A., Quadfasel, D., and Valsimarsson, H, (2012), Arctic Ocean circulation and variability – advection and external forcing encounter constraints and local processes, Ocean Science Discussions, Vol.8, p.261-286, doi:10.5194/os-8-261-2012, Published online: 03/04/2012 fileadmin/user_upload/thor/template/Publications/110Rudels.pdf

Open access: yes,

104 ) Rudels, B., Korhonen, M., Budéus, G., Beszyczynska-Möller, A., Schauer, U., Nummelin, A., Quadfasel, D., and Valsimarsson, H. , (2012), The East Greenland Current and its impact on the Nordic Sea: observed trends in the recent decade, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 65(5), 841-851, doi:10.1093/icesjms/fss079, Published online: 23/05/2012

Open access: with restrictions. See

105 ) Korhonen, M., Rudels, B., Marnela, M., Wisotzki, A., and Zhao, J. , (2012), Time and space variability of freshwater content, heat content and seasonal ice melt in the Arctic Ocean from 1991-2011, Ocean Science Discussions, Vol. 9 Issue 4, p.2621-2677, doi:10.5194/osd-9-2621-2012, Published online: 01/08/2012 Download

Open access: yes,

106 ) B. Berx, B. Hansen, S. Østerhus, K. M. Larsen, T. Sherwin, and K. Jochumsen (2013), Combining in-situ measurements and altimetry to estimate volume, heat and salt transport variability through the Faroe Shetland Channel, Ocean Sci. Discuss., 10, 153-195, 2013, doi:10.5194/osd-10-153-2013

Open access: yes, here

107 ) Holger Pohlmann, Doug M. Smith, Magdalena A. Balmaseda, Noel S. Keenlyside, Simona Masina, Daniela Matei, Wolfgang A. Mueller, Philippe Rogel (2013), Predictability of the mid-latitude Atlantic meridional overturning circulation in a multi-model system,  Received: 20 April 2012 / Accepted: 2 January 2013, Climate Dynamics, DOI 10.1007/s00382-013-1663-6

Open access: available on 1 February 2014

108 ) W. Hazeleger, B. Wouters, G. J. van Oldenborgh, S. Corti, T. Palmer, D. Smith, N. Dunstone, J. Kröger, H. Pohlmann and J.-S. von Storch(2013), Predicting multiyear North Atlantic Ocean variability, JGR Oceans | DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20117

Open access: article available for download

109 ) W. Hazeleger, V. Guemas, B. Wouters, S. Corti, I. Andreu-Burillo, F. J. Doblas-Reyes, K. Wyser and M. Caian (2013), Multiyear climate predictions using two initialisation Strategies, 2013 Geoph. Res. Lett | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50355 Open access: article available for download

110 ) Ba, J., N. Keenlyside, W. Park, M. Latif, E. Hawkins and H. Ding (2013): A mechanism for Atlantic multidecadal variability in the Kiel Climate Model. Climate Dynamics, doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1633-4

Open access: available in January 2014

111) Erik Behrens, Arne Biastoch, Claus W. Böning  (2013), Spurious AMOC trends in global ocean sea-ice models related to subarctic freshwater forcing,  Ocean Modelling, Volume 69, September 2013, Pages 39–49, Available online 29 May 2013,

Open access to postprint version: download manuscript and figures

112) Matthew B. Menary, Christopher D. Roberts, Matthew D. Palmer, Paul R. Halloran, Laura Jackson, Richard A. Wood, Wolfgang A. Müller, Daniela Matei, Sang-Ki Lee (2013), Mechanisms of aerosol-forced AMOC variability in a state of the art climate model, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans,  Article first published online: 25 APR 2013, DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20178,

Publications in preparation




Impact of Greenland ice sheet melting on the Atlantic overturning: A multi-model assessment

Didier Swingedouw, Steffen M. Olsen, Matthew Menary, Christian B. Rodehacke, Yongqi Gao, Uwe Mikolajewicz

Impact of ocean observing system on the initialisation of the THC via multi-model idealised model experiments

Dunstone, N. J., D. M. Smith, S. Corti, W. Hazeleger, J. Kroger, B. Wouters

Influence of subpolar deep water formation and overflow variability onto the (multi)decadal variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation

Lohmann, K. and co-authors

An attempt to deconstruct the AMO

Marini, C. and C. Frankignoul

Variability in ISOW vigor over the last millennia and its relationship to climate

Mjell, T.L., Ninnemann, U.S., Kleiven, H.F., Rosenthal, Y. and Hall, I.R.

 North Atlantic climate and deep water variability since 600 A.D. 

Kleiven, H.F., Rosenthal, Y. and Ninnemann, U.S.

 Reconstructing ocean circulation and climate based on the “Gardar Drift”

Mjell, Tor Lien; Langehaug, Helene R.; Otterå, Odd Helge; Eldevik, Tor; Ninnemann, Ulysses S; Kleiven, Helga Flesche; Hall, Ian

Simulated and reconstructed Atlantic gyre circulation and its relationship with the North Atlantic Oscillation

Otterå, O.H., Dokken, T., Lie, Ø.

Mesoscale dynamics of the Norwegian Atlantic Current

Houssais, M.-N., A. Martin, C. Herbaut, D. Iovino and A.-C. Baizot

The role of mesoscle dynamics in the transformation of Atlantic water within the Nordic Seas

Iovino, D., C. Herbaut,, M.-N. Houssais, A. Martin and A.-C. Baizot

Response of North Atlantic Circulation to the wind stress

Gao, Y.Q., Drange, H., Bentsen, M., Nilsen, E., Geyer, F.

 Simulating multi-decadal AMOC variability with global ocean-ice models: sensitivity to freshwater flux parameterizations

Behrens, E., A. Biastoch, and C. W. Böning

Atlantic Water temperature variability of the northeastern Nordic Seas

Roshin, Raj, Gao, Y.Q. et al.

Inter-annual hydrographic variability of the deep water masses near the Reykjanes Ridge, originating from overflow between Iceland and Scotland

van Aken, H.M. and M.F. de Jong

Impact of initialization strategies on the predictive skill, to be submitted.

Polkova J., A. Köhl and D. Stammer

 Testing Variational Assimilation into an ESM, In preparation.

Blessing, S., R. Giering, T. Kaminski, A. Koehl, F. Lunkeit,, I. Matei,  M. Scholze, D. Stammer

Atlantic water flow through the Faroese channels

Hansen et al.

A strong anomaly in the North Atlantic-Nordic Seasexchanges and in the atmosphere in 2002-2003 * a key for understandingthe linkages?

Hátún et al.

The retroflection of the Faroe Current into theFaroe-Shetland Channel

Larsen et al.